Members Publications

If you have a publication that you would like added please send your reference by e-mail to Brandt Cassidy


Espinoza, E. O., Lancaster, C. A., Kreitals, N. M., Hata, M., Cody, R. B., Blanchette, R. A.. 2014 Distinguishing Wild from Cultivated Agarwood (Aquilaria spp.) Using Direct Analysis in Real Time (DART™) and Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry." Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry Vol. 28(14) pp.281-289.

Fajardo, I., Ruiz, A., Velasco, F., Zorrilla, I., Richards N.L. 2014. La investigación en los casos de uso ilegal de veneno: procedimiento y técnicas de investicación. Nuevos retors, nuevos métodos (Procedures and techniques for investigating cases of illegal use of poison: responding to new challenges with new methods). In: Bodega Zugasti, D. de la (ed.), Uso ilegal de cebos envenenados. Investigación y análisis jurídico (Illegal use of poisoned baits; Investigation and judicial analyses). (pp. 55-85). SEO SEO/BirdLife-Proyecto Life + VENENO (Madrid).

Iyengar, A. 2014 Forensic DNA analysis for animal protection and biodiversity conservation: a review. Journal for Nature Conservation (in press).

Richards, N.L., Hall, S.W., Harrison, N.M., Gautam, L., Scott, K.S., Dowling, G., Zorilla, I. & Fajardo, I. 2014. Merging wildlife and environmental monitoring approaches with forensic principles: application of unconventional and non-invasive sampling in eco-pharmacovigilance Journal of Forensic Research 5:228, doi: 10.4172/2157-7145.1000228

Woolett (Smith), D., Hurt, A., Richards, N.L. 2014. The current and future roles of free-ranging detection dogs in conservation efforts. In: Gompper, M.E. (ed), Free-Ranging Dogs and Wildlife Conservation. (pp. 239-264). Oxford University Press.


Coghlan, M. L., White, N. E., Murray, D. C., Houston, J., Rutherford, W., Bellgard, M. I., Haile, J., Bunce, M. 2013. Metabarcoding avian diets at airports: implications for birdstrike hazard management planning. Investigative genetics 4: 27.

Frankham, G.J., Hogg, C., Gillespie, J., King, A., Johnson, R.N. 2013 Characterisation of 16 microsatellite markers to aid ex-situ conservation of the Scimitar-horned Oryx, Oryx dammah, via 454 sequencing Conservation Genetics Resources 5(1) 795–797. DOI 10.1007/s12686-013-9910-z)

Johnson, R.N. 2013 Investigation of ‘Aircraft Wildlife Strike’ using forensic techniques. In Cooper and Cooper (eds), Wildlife Forensic Investigation: Principles and Practice. ISBN 13:978-1-4398-1374-4 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Kun T, Lyons LA, Sacks BN, Ballard RE, Lindquist C, Wictum EJ. 2013 Developmental validation of Mini-DogFiler for degraded canine DNA. Forensic Sci Int Genet. Jan, 7(1):151-8.

Sorenson L, McDowell JR, Knott T, Graves JE. 2013 Assignment test method using hypervariable markers for blue marlin (Makaira nigricans) stock identification. Conservation Genetics Resources 5:293–297.

Webster, L.M. I, McEwing, R. 2013 Resurrecting the Dodo: Positive control DNA for species identification Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series, 4(1): e140-e141

Wictum E, Kun T, Lindquist C, Malvick J, Vankan D, Sacks B. 2013 Develomental validation of DogFiler, a novel multiplex for canine DNA profiling in forensic casework. Forensic Sci Int Genet. Jan, 7(1):82-91.

Yan D, Luo JY, Han YM, Peng C, Dong XP, Chen SL, Sun LG, Xiao XH. 2013 Forensic DNA barcoding and bio-response studies of animal horn products used in traditional medicine. PLoS One 8(2):e55854. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0055854. Epub 2013 Feb 8.


Alasaad, S, Schuster, R, Gakuya, F, Theneyan, M, Jowers, M, Maione, S, Min, A, Soriguer, R, Rossi, L. 2012 Applicability of molecular markers to determine parasitic infection origins in the animal trade: a case study from Sarcoptes mites in wildebeest. Forensic Science, Medicine & Pathology. Sep, Vol. 8 Issue 3, p280-284. 5p

Baker, B, Cooper, J, Cooper, M. 2012. Editorial: Forensic Science and Herpetology. Herpetological Journal 22 (2):71-72

Baker, B, Reinholz, A, Espinoza, E. 2012 Digital near-infrared photography as a tool in forensic snake skin identification. Herpetological Journal 22(2): 79-83

Boonseub S, Johnston G, Linacre A. 2012 Identification of protected avian species using a single feather barb. J Forensic Sci 57:6:1574-1577.

Coghlan ML, Haile J, Houston J, Murray DC, White NE, Moolhuijzen P, Bellgard MI, Bunce M.2012 Deep sequencing of plant and animal DNA contained within traditional Chinese medicines reveals legality issues and health safety concerns. 2012 PLoS Genet. 8(4):e1002657. doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1002657. Epub 2012 Apr 12.

Coghlan ML, White NE, Parkinson L, Haile J, Spencer PB, Bunce M. 2012 Egg forensics: an appraisal of DNA sequencing to assist in species identification of illegally smuggled eggs. Forensic Sci Int Genet 6(2):268-73. doi: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2011.06.006. Epub 2011 Jul 7.

Cooke, G. M., King, A. G., Miller, L., Johnson, R. N. 2012 A rapid molecular method to detect the invasive golden apple snail Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822). Conservation Genetics Resources DOI 10.1007/s12686-011-9599-9

de Oliveira, L, Loizaga, de Castro, R, Cardenas-Alayza, S, Bonatto, S. 2012 Conservation genetics of South American aquatic mammals: an overview of gene diversity, population structure, phylogeography, non-invasive methods and forensics. Mammal Review 42(4): 275-303

Doukakis P, Pikitch EK, Rothschild A, DeSalle R, Amato G, Kolokotronis SO. 2012 Testing the effectiveness of an international conservation agreement: marketplace forensics and CITES caviar trade regulation. PLoS One 7(7):e40907. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0040907. Epub 2012 Jul 25.

Espinoza EO, Scanlan MD, McClure PJ, Baker BW. 2012 Forensic analysis of black coral (Order Antipatharia). Forensic Sci Int 216(1-3):73-7. doi: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2011.08.021. Epub 2011 Sep 17.

Helyar, S, Limborg, M, Bekkevold, D, Babbucci, M, Van Houdt, J, Maes, G, Bargelloni, L, Nielsen, R, Taylor, M, Ogden, R, Cariani, A, Carvalho, G,Panitz, F, Palsson, A. 2012 SNP Discovery Using Next Generation Transcriptomic Sequencing in Atlantic Herring (Clupea harengus). PLoS ONE 7(8) 1-11

Henderson A, Lee CM, Mistry V, Thomas MD, Iyengar A. 2012 Reliable and robust molecular sexing of the hen harrier (Circus cyaneus) using PCR-RFLP of the CHD1 gene. Journal of Forensic Sciences, doi: 10.1111/1556-4029.12030.

King, A. G., Cooke, G. M., Johnson, R. N., Major, R.M. 2012 Development and multiplex genotyping of eighteen novel microsatellite markers for a threatened saltmarsh bird Epthianura albifrons (Meliphagidae) Conservation Genetics Resources 4(4) 893–896. DOI 10.1007/s12686-012-9667-9

Kitpipit T, Tobe SS, Linacre A. 2012 The complete mitochondrial DNA analysis of the tiger (Panthera tigris). Mol Bio Reports 39:5:5745-5754.

Lancaster, C.A., Cody, R.B., Espinoza, E. 2012. Analysis of Select Dalbergia and Trade Timber Using Direct Analysis in Real Time and Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry for CITES Enforcement. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry. Vol. 26(9) pp. 1147-1156.

Lancaster, C.A., Cody, R.B., Espinoza, E. 2012. Evaluating Agarwood products for 2-(2-phenylethyl)-chromones using Direct Analysis in Real Time Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry Vol. 26(13) pp. 2649-2656.

Linacre, A. 2012 Capillary electrophoresis of mtDNA cytochrome b gene sequences for animal species identification. Methods in Molecular Biology 830:321-9.

Michetti F, Corvino V, Geloso MC, et al.: 2012 The S100B protein in biological fluids: more than a lifelong biomarker of brain distress. J Neurochem 120:644-659.

Moore, M. K., Kornfield, I. L.. 2012 Best Practices in Wildlife Forensic DNA. Pages 201-236 in J. E. Huffman and J. R. Wallace, editors. Wildlife Forensics: Methods and Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK.

Moore, M. K., Burnham-Curtis, M. 2012 Genbank: the “Gen” does not stand for “Genuine”Society for Wildlife Forensic Science 1st Triennial Meeting, Jackson Hole, WY.

Nielsen EE, Cariani A, Mac Aoidh E, Maes GE, Milano I, Ogden R, Taylor M, Hemmer-Hansen J, Babbucci M, Bargelloni L, Bekkevold D, Diopere E, Grenfell L, Helyar S, Limborg MT, Martinsohn JT, McEwing R, Panitz F, Patarnello T, Tinti F, Van Houdt JK, Volckaert FA, Waples RS; FishPopTrace consortium, Albin JE, Vieites Baptista JM, Barmintsev V, Bautista JM, Bendixen C, Bergé JP, Blohm D, Cardazzo B, Diez A, Espiñeira M, Geffen AJ, Gonzalez E, González-Lavín N, Guarniero I, Jeráme M, Kochzius M, Krey G, Mouchel O, Negrisolo E, Piccinetti C, Puyet A, Rastorguev S, Smith JP, Trentini M, Verrez-Bagnis V, Volkov A, Zanzi A, Carvalho GR. 2012 Gene-associated markers provide tools for tackling illegal fishing and false eco-certification. Nat Commun. May 22;3:851. doi: 10.1038/ncomms1845.

Ogden R, Mellanby RJ, Clements D, Gow AG, Powell R, McEwing R. 2012 Genetic data from 15 STR loci for forensic individual identification and parentage analyses in UK domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris). Forensic Sci Int Genet 6(2):e63-5. doi: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2011.04.015. Epub 2011 May 20.

Read AJ, Drinker P, Northridge S: 2006, Bycatch of marine mammals in US and global fisheries. Conservation Biology 20:163-169.

Richards, Ngaio. 2012 Carbofuran and wildlife poisoning : global perspectives and forensic approaches. Ngaio Richards [editor]., , xxvi, 277 p. : ill. ; 26 cm., Chichester, West Sussex ; Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell, AN: CAT31097008

Roe WD, Gartrell BD, Hunter SA: 2012, Freezing and thawing of pinniped carcasses results in artefacts that resemble traumatic lesions. The Veterinary Journal 194:326-331.

Ruiz-López MJ, Chaskelson S, Gompper ME, Eggert LS. 2012 Multiple paternity in the American dog tick, Dermacentor variabilis (Acari: Ixodidae). J Parasitol 98(3):498-501. doi: 10.1645/GE-2977.1. Epub 2012 Jan 18.

Sanches A, Tokumoto PM, Peres WA, Nunes FL, Gotardi MS, Carvalho CS, Pelizzon C, Godoi TG, Galetti M. 2012 Illegal hunting cases detected with molecular forensics in Brazil. Investig Genet 3(1):17. doi: 10.1186/2041-2223-3-17.

Sarran D, Greig DJ, Rios CA, et al.: 2008, Evaluation of aqueous humor as a surrogate for serum biochemistry in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). Aquatic Mammals


Smith, K, Anthony, S, Switzer, W, Epstein, J, Seimon, T, Jia, H, Sanchez, M, Thao Huynh, T, Galland, G, Shapiro, S, Sleeman, J, McAloose, D, Stuchin, M, Amato, G, Kolokotronis, S, Lipkin, W, Karesh, W, Daszak, P, Marano, N. 2012 Zoonotic Viruses Associated with Illegally Imported Wildlife Products. PLoS One 7(1): e29505. Published online 2012 January 10. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0029505

Sims, M. E. 2012 Cranial Morphology of Five Felids: Acinonyx jubatus, Panthera onca, Panthera pardus, Puma concolor, Uncia uncia. Russian Journal of Theriology. 11(2): 157-170.

Singh, C, Gaur, A, Sreenivas, A, Singh, L. 2012 Species Identification from Dried Snake Venom. Journal of Forensic Sciences 57(3):826-828

Stroud, R. 2012 Bruising encounters in veterinary forensics. Veterinary Journal 194(3): 278-279

White NE, Dawson R, Coghlan ML, Tridico SR, Mawson PR, Haile J, Bunce M. 2012 Application of STR markers in wildlife forensic casework involving Australian black-cockatoos (Calyptorhynchus spp.). Forensic Sci Int Genet 6(5):664-70. doi: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2011.10.003. Epub 2011 Nov 18.

Wolinsky, H. 2012 Wildlife forensics. Genomics has become a powerful tool to inform conservation measures. EMBO Rep 2;13(4):308-12. doi: 10.1038/embor.2012.35.

Wozney KM, Wilson PJ, 2012 Real-time PCR detection and quantification of elephantid DNA: species identification for highly processed samples associated with the ivory trade. Forensic Sci Int 10;219(1-3):106-12. doi: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2011.12.006. Epub 2012 Jan 17.


Ball MC, Finnegan LA, Nette T, Broders HG, Wilson PJ. 2011 Wildlife forensics: “supervised” assignment testing can complicate the association of suspect cases to source populations. Forensic Sci Int Genet. 5(1):50-6. doi: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2010.02.002. Epub 2010 Mar 5.

Byard, R, Boardman, W. 2011 The potential role of forensic pathologists in veterinary forensic medicine. Forensic Science, Medicine & Pathology 7(3):231-232

Dalton, D, Kotze, A. 2011 DNA barcoding as a tool for species identification in three forensic wildlife cases in South Africa. Forensic Science International 207(1-3): 51-54

Frosch C, Dutsov A, Georgiev G, Nowak C. 2011 Case report of a fatal bear attack documented by forensic wildlife genetics. Forensic Sci Int Genet 5(4):342-4. doi: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2011.01.009. Epub 2011 Feb 10. PMID:21315676[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Gupta SK, Bhagavatula J, Thangaraj K, Singh L. 2011 Establishing the identity of the massacred tigress in a case of wildlife crime. Forensic Sci Int Genet 5(1):74-5. doi: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2010.05.004. Epub 2010

Helvar, S, Hemmer-Hansen, J, Bekkevold, D, Taylor, M, Ogden, R, Limborg, M, Cariani, A, Maes, G, Diopere, E, Carvalho, G, Nielsen, E. 2011 Application of SNPs for population genetics of nonmodel organisms: new opportunities and challenges. Molecular Ecology Resources. Supplement, Vol. 11:123-136

Hsieh H-M, Lee JC-I, Wu J-H, Chen C-A, Chen Y-J, Wang G-B, et al. 2011 Establishing the pangolin mitochondrial D-loop sequences from the confiscated scales. Forensic Sci Int Gen 5:4:303-307.

Johnson, R.N. 2011 Conservation Genetics and Wildlife Forensics of Birds. In Huffman, J.E. and Wallace, J.R. (eds), Wildlife Forensics: Methods and Applications. ISBN 9780470662588 John Wiley & Sons Limited UK [distributor].

Kyriazopoulou-Panagiotopoulou S, Kashef Haghighi D, Aerni SJ, Sundquist A, Bercovici S, Batzoglou S. 2011 Reconstruction of genealogical relationships with applications to Phase III of HapMap. Bioinformatics 27(13):i333-41. doi: 10.1093/bioinformatics/btr243

Linacre A. 2011 Forensic Science in Support of Wildlife Conservation Efforts – Genetic Approaches (Global Trends). Forensic Science Reviews 23:9.

Linacre A, Gusmão L, Hecht W, Hellmann A, Mayr W, Parson W, et al. 2011 ISFG: Recommendations regarding the use of non-human (animal) DNA in forensic genetic investigations. Forensic Sci Int Gen:5:5:501-505.

Linacre A, Tobe SS. 2011 An Investigative Approach to Species Testing in Wildlife Forensic Science, Invest Gen 2:2:1.

Linacre A, Tobe S. 2011 An overview to the investigative approach to species testing in wildlife forensic science. Investigative Genetics 13;2(1):2. doi: 10.1186/2041-2223-2-2.

Lindquist CL, Evans JJ, Wictum EJ. 2011 Developmental Validation of Feline, Bovine, Equine, and Cervid Quantitative PCR Assays. . J Forensic Sci; 56(1) S29-35.

Lorenzini R, Cabras P, Fanelli R, Carboni GL. 2011 Wildlife molecular forensics: identification of the Sardinian mouflon using STR profiling and the Bayesian assignment test. Forensic Sci Int Genet 5(4):345-9. doi: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2011.01.012. Epub 2011 Mar 2.

Macdonald AJ, Sarre SD, Fitzsimmons NN, Aitken N. 2011 Determining microsatellite genotyping reliability and mutation detection ability: an approach using small-pool PCR from sperm DNA. Mol Genet Genomics. 285(1):1-18. doi: 10.1007/s00438-010-0577-9. Epub 2010 Oct 19.

Meganathan PR, Dubey B, Jogayya KN, Haque I. 2011 Validation of a multiplex PCR assay for the forensic identification of Indian crocodiles. Forensic Sci 56(5):1241-4. doi: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2011.01812.x. Epub 2011 May 19.

Milano, I, Babbucci, M, Panitz, F, Ogden, R, Nielsen, R, Taylor, M, Helyar, S, Carvalho, G, Espiñeira, M, Atanassova, M, Tinti, F, Maes, G, Patarnello, T, Consortium, FishPopTrace, Bargelloni, L. 2011 Novel Tools for Conservation Genomics: Comparing Two High-Throughput Approaches for SNP Discovery in the Transcriptome of the European Hake. PLoS ONE 6(11):1-13

Ni PY, Pei L, Ge WD, Zhang Y, Yang XY, Xu XY, Tu Z. Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2011 Applications of DNA identification technology in protection of wild animals. 76:451-4, PMID:22393598[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Ogden R. 2011 Unlocking the potential of genomic technologies for wildlife forensics. Mol Ecol Resour. 11 Suppl 1:109-16. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-0998.2010.02954.x.

Reid BN, LE M, McCord WP, Iverson JB, Georges A, Bergmann T, Amato G, Desalle R, Naro-Maciel E. 2011 Comparing and combining distance-based and character-based approaches for barcoding turtles. Mol Ecol Resour 11(6):956-67. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-0998.2011.03032.x. Epub 2011 Jun 2.

Rendo F, Iriondo M, Manzano C, Estonba A. 2011 Microsatellite based ovine parentage testing to identify the source responsible for the killing of an endangered species. Forensic Sci Int Genet 5(4):333-5. doi: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2010.09.009. Epub 2010 Oct 16.

Scharnhorst, G, Kanthaswamy, S. 2011 An assessment of scientific and technical aspects of closed investigations of canine forensics DNA – case series from the University of California, Davis, USA. Croat Med J 52(3): 280–292. doi: 10.3325/cmj.

Speller, C, Nicholas, G, Yang, D. 2011 Feather barbs as a good source of mtDNA for bird species identification in forensic wildlife investigations. Investigative Genetics 2:16: 16-22

Stansley W, Murphy LA. 2011 Liver lead concentrations in raptors in New Jersey, USA, 2008-2010. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 7(2):171-4. doi: 10.1007/s00128-011-0327-7. Epub 2011 Jun 7.

Stoney, D.A., Bowen, A.M., Bryant, V.M., Caven, E.A., Cimino, M.T. and Stoney, P.L. 2011 Particle Combination Analysis for Predictive Source Attribution: Tracing a Shipment of Contraband Ivory Journal of the Association of Trace Evidence Examiners, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 13-72.

Tobe SS, Govan J, Welch LA. 2011 Recovery of human DNA profiles from poached deer remains: a feasibility study. Sci Justice 51(4):190-5. doi: 10.1016/j.scijus.2011.06.002. Epub 2011 Jul 30.

Vollmer, N. L., A. Viricel, L. Wilcox, M. K. Moore, and P. E. Rosel. 2011. The occurrence of mtDNA heteroplasmy in multiple cetacean species. Current Genetics 57:115-131.

Yang S, Chen C, Zhao Y, Xi W, Zhou X, Chen B, Fu C. 2011 Association between chemical and genetic variation of wild and cultivated populations of Scrophularia ningpoensis Hemsl. Planta Med 77(8):865-71. doi: 10.1055/s-0030-1250601. Epub 2010 Dec 14.

Zelenina, D, Martinsohn, J, Ogden, R, Volkov, A, Zelenina, I, Carvalho, G. 2011 Advanced approaches to studying the population diversity of marine fishes: new opportunities for fisheries control and management.Russian Journal of Genetics 47(12): 1444-1455 Genetika. 2011 Dec;47(12):1629-41


Alacs, E, Georges, A, FitzSimmons, N, Robertson, J. 2010 DNA detective: a review of molecular approaches to wildlife forensics. Forensic Science, Medicine & Pathology 6(3):180-194

Byard, R, Tomo, I, Kemper, C, Gibbs, S, Bossley, M, Machado, A, Hill, Mark. 2010 Unusual causes of fatal upper aerodigestive tract obstruction in wild bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops aduncus). Forensic Science, Medicine & Pathology (3):207-210

Caratti S, Rossi L, Sona B, Origlia S, Viara S, Martano G, Torre C, Robino C. 2010 Analysis of 11 tetrameric STRs in wild boars for forensic purposes. Forensic Sci Int Genet 4(5):339-42. doi: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2010.07.001. Epub 2010 Aug 3.

Caniglia R, Fabbri E, Greco C, Galaverni M, Randi E. 2010 Forensic DNA against wildlife poaching: identification of a serial wolf killing in Italy. Forensic Sci Int Genet 4(5):334-8. doi: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2009.10.012. Epub 2009 Nov 26.

Champlot S, Berthelot C, Pruvost M, Bennett EA, Grange T, Geigl EM. 2010 An efficient multistrategy DNA decontamination procedure of PCR reagents for hypersensitive PCR applications. PLoS One 5(9). doi:pii: e13042. 10.1371/journal.pone.0013042.

Clarke, M, Vandenberg, N, 2010 Dog attack: the application of canine DNA profiling in forensic casework. Forensic Science, Medicine & Pathology 6(3): 151-157

Cullingham, C, Curteanu, M, Ball, M,Manseau, M. 2010 Feasibility and Recommendations for Swift Fox Fecal DNA Profiling. Journal of Wildlife Management 74(4):849-859

Dobosz, M, Bocci, C, Bonuglia, M, Grasso, C, Merigioli, S, Russo, A, de Iuliis, P. 2010. Probabilistic Expert Systems for Forensic Inference from DNA Markers in Horses: Applications to Confirm Genealogies with Lack of Genetic Data. Journal of Heredity. 101(2):240-245

Eaton, M. 2010 Barcoding bushmeat: molecular identification of Central African and South American harvested vertebrates. Conservation genetics 11(4): 1389-1404

El-Sayed, Y, Mohamed, O, Ashry, K, Abd El-Rahman, S. 2010 Using species-specific repeat and PCR–RFLP in typing of DNA derived from blood of human and animal species. Forensic Science, Medicine & Pathology 6(3):158-164

Johnson, RN. 2010 The use of DNA identification in prosecuting wildlife-traffickers in Australia: do the penalties fit the crimes? Forensic Sci Med Pathol 6(3):211-6. doi: 10.1007/s12024-010-9174-9. Epub 2010 Jul 17.

Kirkbride, K.P., Tridico, S.R. 2010 The application of laser scanning confocal microscopy to the examination of hairs and textile fibers: an initial investigation' Forensic Science Internation, 195 (1-3)

Kitpipit T, Tobe SS, Kitchener AC, Gill P, Linacre A. 2010 The Development and Validation of a Single SNaPshot multiplex for Tiger Species and Subspecies Identification – Implications for Forensic Purposes. Forensic Sci Int Gen 6:250-257.

Lee JC-I, L-C Tsai, Hwa P-Y, Chan C-L, Huang A, Chin S-C, et al. 2010 A novel strategy for avian species and gender identification using the CHD gene. Molecular and Cellular Probes 24:1:27-31.

Moore, M. K. 2010. Establishment of a wildlife SWG: following a human forensics model for best practices in wildlife forensics. Society for Wildlife Forensic Science Inaugural Meeting, Ashland, Oregon.

Naro-Maciel, E, Reid, B, Fitzsimmons, N, Minh, L, Desalle, R, AMATO, G. 2010 DNA barcodes for globally threatened marine turtles: a registry approach to documenting biodiversity. Molecular Ecology Resources. 10(2): 252-263

Ogden, R. 2010 Forensic science, genetics and wildlife biology: getting the right mix for a wildlife DNA forensics lab. Forensic Sci Med Pathol 6(3):172-9. doi: 10.1007/s12024-010-9178-5. Epub 2010 Jul 1.

Sahajpal, V, Goyal SP.2010 Identification of a forensic case using microscopy and forensically informative nucleotide sequencing (FINS): a case study of small Indian civet (Viverricula indica). Sci Justice 50(2):94-7. doi: 10.1016/j.scijus.2009.07.002. Epub 2009 Aug 18.

Sims, ME. 2010 Unusual appearance of Schreger-like pattern in Hippopotamus amphibius ivory: wildlife forensics investigation of a netsuke. Forensic Sci Int 200(1-3):e19-20. doi: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2010.04.008. Epub 2010 May 6.

Sato, I, Nakaki, S, Murata, K, Takeshita, H, Mukai, T. 2010 Forensic hair analysis to identify animal species on a case of pet animal abuse. International Journal of Legal Medicine 124(3): 249-256

Spencer PB, Schmidt D, Hummel S. 2010 Identification of historical specimens and wildlife seizures originating from highly degraded sources of kangaroos and other macropods. Forensic Sci Med Pathol. 6(3):225-32. doi: 10.1007/s12024-009-9119-3. Epub 2009 Nov 5.

Tobe SS, Kitchener AC, Linacre A. 2010 Reconstructing Mammalian Phylogenies: a comparison of two mitochondrial genes. PLoS One 5(11): e14156.

Tobe, S, Linacre A.2010 DNA typing in wildlife crime: recent developments in species identification. Forensic Sci Med Pathol 6(3):195-206. doi: 10.1007/s12024-010-9168-7. Epub 2010 Jun 5. Review.

Wilson-Wilde, L. 2010 Wildlife crime: a global problem. Forensic Science, Medicine & Pathology 6(3): 221-222. DOI: 10.1007/s12024-010-9167-8. (AN: 53021359)

Wilson-Wilde, L. 2010 Combating wildlife crime. Forensic Science, Medicine & Pathology 6(3):149-150 DOI: 10.1007/s12024-010-9179-4. (AN: 53021353)

Wilson-Wilde L, Norman J, Robertson J, Sarre S, Georges A. 2010 Current issues in species identification for forensic science and the validity of using the cytochrome oxidase I (COI) gene. Forensic Sci Med Pathol. 6(3):233-41. doi: 10.1007/s12024-010-9172-y. Epub 2010 Jun 20.

Yates BC, Espinoza EO, Baker BW. 2010 Forensic species identification of elephant (Elephantidae) and giraffe (Giraffidae) tail hair using light microscopy. Forensic Sci Med Pathol 6(3):165-71. doi: 10.1007/s12024-010-9169-6. Epub 2010 Jun 13.


Dawnay N, Ogden R, Wetton JH, Thorpe RS, McEwing R. 2009 Genetic data from 28 STR loci for forensic individual identification and parentage analyses in 6 bird of prey species. Forensic Sci Int Genet 3(2):e63-69.

Ferri G, Alù M, Corradini B, Licata M, Beduschi G. 2009 Species identification through DNA “barcodes”. Genet Test Mol Biomarkers. 13(3):421-6. doi: 10.1089/gtmb.2008.0144.

Lee JC-I, Hsieh H-M, Huang L-H, Kuo Y-C, Wu J-H, Linacre A, Tsai L-C. 2009 Ivory identification using DNA profiling of cytochrome b gene. Int J Legal Med 123:117-121.

Lee JC-I, Li-Chin Tsai, Shu-Ping Liao, Adrian Linacre, Hsing-Mei Hsieh. 2009 Species identification from turtle shells and their commercial products using the cytochrome b gene. Forensic Science International Genetics 3: 67-73.

Marín JC, Saucedo CE, Corti P, González BA. 2009 Application of DNA forensic techniques for identifying poached guanacos (Lama guanicoe) in Chilean Patagonia. J Forensic Sci 54(5):1073-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2009.01087.x. Epub 2009 Jun 22.

Pun KM, Albrecht C, Castella V, Fumagalli L. 2009 Species identification in mammals from mixed biological samples based on mitochondrial DNA control region length polymorphism. Electrophoresis. 30(6):1008-14. doi: 10.1002/elps.200800365.

Stefanidou M, Athanaselis S, Spiliopoulou H. 2009 Butyrylcholinesterase: biomarker for exposure to organophosphorus insecticides. Intern Med J. 2009 Jan;39(1):57-60. doi: 10.1111/j.1445-5994.2008.01779.x.

Tridico, S.R. 2009 HAIR: Animal Wiley Encyclopedia of Forensic Science Wiley and Sons (new, updated edition to be release some time 2014)

White, N. E., Mawson, P. R., Dawson, R., Bunce, M. A., Spencer, P. B. S. 2009 Characterization and cross-species utility of 20 microsatellite markers for population and forensic applications in the endangered Carnaby's Black-cockatoo, Calyptorhynchus latirostris. Conservation Genetics Resources 1: 341-345.


Bantock TM, Prys-Jones RP, Lee PL. 2008 New and improved molecular sexing methods for museum bird specimens. Mol Ecol Resour 8(3):519-28. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-8286.2007.01999.x.

Cooper, J, Cooper, M. 2008. Forensic veterinary medicine: a rapidly evolving discipline. Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology 4(2): 75-82

Dawnay N, Ogden R, Thorpe RS, Pope LC, Dawson DA, McEwing R. 2008 A forensic STR profiling system for the Eurasian badger: a framework for developing profiling systems for wildlife species. Forensic Sci Int Genet. 2(1):47-53. doi: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2007.08.006. Epub 2007 Sep 29.

Hart, M, Budgen, P. 2008 Forensic record-keeping and documentation of samples. Applied Herpetology. 5(4): 386-401

Jobin RM, Patterson D, Zhang Y. 2008 DNA typing in populations of mule deer for forensic use in the Province of Alberta. Forensic Sci Int Genet 2(3):190-7. doi: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2008.01.003. Epub 2008 Mar 20

Lee JC, Tsai LC, Huang MT, Jhuang JA, Yao CT, Chin SC, Wang LC, Linacre A, Hsieh HM. 2008 A novel strategy for avian species identification by cytochrome b gene. Electrophoresis 29(11):2413-8. doi: 10.1002/elps.200700711.

Wasser SK, Joseph Clark W, Drori O, Stephen Kisamo E, Mailand C, Mutayoba B, Stephens M. 2008 Combating the illegal trade in African elephant ivory with DNA forensics. Conserv Biol. 22(4):1065-71. doi: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2008.01012.x.


An J, Lee MY, Min MS, Lee MH, Lee H. 2007 A molecular genetic approach for species identification of mammals and sex determination of birds in a forensic case of poaching from South Korea. Forensic Sci Int. 167(1):59-61. Epub 2006 Feb 7.

Dawnay N, Ogden R, McEwing R, Carvalho GR, Thorpe RS. 2007 Validation of the barcoding gene COI for use in forensic genetic species identification. Forensic Sci Int 15;173(1):1-6. Epub 2007 Feb 14.

Kyle CJ, Wilson CC. 2007 Mitochondrial DNA identification of game and harvested freshwater fish species. Forensic Sci Int. 166(1):68-76. Epub 2006 May 11. Erratum in: Forensic Sci Int. 2008 Aug 25;180(1):59.

Somarelli JA, Makarewicz JC, Sia R, Simon R. 2007Wildlife identified as major source of Escherichia coli in agriculturally dominated watersheds by BOX A1R-derived genetic fingerprints. J Environ Manage. 82(1):60-5.


Deagle BE, Eveson JP, Jarman SN. 2006 Quantification of damage in DNA recovered from highly degraded samples–a case study on DNA in faeces. Front Zool 16;3:11.

Morgan RM, Wiltshire P, Parker A, Bull PA. 2006 The role of forensic geoscience in wildlife crime detection. Forensic Sci Int. 2006 Oct 16;162(1-3):152-62.

Murmann, D, Brumit, P, Schrader, B, Senn, D. 2006 Comparison of animal jaws and bite mark patterns. Journal of Forensic Sciences (Blackwell Publishing Limited). 51(4):846-860.

Singh RR, Goyal SP, Khanna PP, Mukherjee PK, Sukumar R. 2006 Using morphometric and analytical techniques to characterize elephant ivory. Forensic Sci Int.162(1-3):144-51.

Trail PW. 2006 Avian mortality at oil pits in the United States: A review of the problem and efforts for its solution. Environ Manage 38(4):532-44. Review.

Whiteman NK, Matson KD, Bollmer JL, Parker PG. 2006 Disease ecology in the Galápagos Hawk (Buteo galapagoensis): host genetic diversity, parasite load and natural antibodies. Proc Biol Sci. 273(1588):797-804.


Cassidy BG, Gonzales RA. DNA Testing in Animal Forensics. J of Wildlife Man. 2005, Oct; 69(4): 1454–1462.

Bowen GJ, Wassenaar LI, Hobson KA. 2005 Global application of stable hydrogen and oxygen isotopes to wildlife forensics. Oecologia. 143(3):337-48. Epub 2005 Feb 23.

Budowle B, Garofano P, Hellman A, Ketchum M, Kanthaswamy S, Parson W, van Haeringen W, Fain S, Broad T., Recommendations for animal DNA forensic and identity testing. Int J Legal Med. 2005 Sep;119(5):295-302.

Gupta SK, Verma SK, Singh L. 2005 Molecular insight into a wildlife crime: the case of a peafowl slaughter. Forensic Sci Int. 25;154(2-3):214-7. Epub 2005 Jan 26.

Lorenzini R. 2005 DNA forensics and the poaching of wildlife in Italy: a case study. Forensic Sci Int. 29;153(2-3):218-21.

Prugh LR, Ritland CE, Arthur SM, Krebs CJ. 2005 Monitoring coyote population dynamics by genotyping faeces. Mol Ecol. 14(5):1585-96.

Smith S, Morin PA. 2005 Optimal storage conditions for highly dilute DNA samples: a role for trehalose as a preserving agent. Forensic Sci. 50(5):1101-8. Erratum in: J Forensic Sci. 2006 Mar;51(2):426.

Tridico, S.R. 2005 Examination, Analysis and Application of Hair Analysis in Forensic Science-Animal Hair Forensic Science Review 17 (1)


Anderson, G, Huitson, N 2004. Myiasis in pet animals in British Columbia: The potential of forensic entomology for determining duration of possible neglect. Can Vet J 45(12): 993–998

Singh A, Gaur A, Shailaja K, Satyare Bala B, Singh L. 2004 A novel microsatellite (STR) marker for forensic identification of big cats in India. Forensic Sci Int. 10;141(2-3):143-7.

Wan QH, Wu H, Fujihara T, Fang SG. 2004 Which genetic marker for which conservation genetics issue? Electrophoresis. 25(14):2165-76. Review.


Stone WB, Okoniewski JC, Stedelin JR. 2003 Anticoagulant rodenticides and raptors: recent findings from New York, 1998-2001. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 70(1):34-40.

Wan QH, Fang SG, Wu H, Fujihara T. 2003 Genetic differentiation and subspecies development of the giant panda as revealed by DNA fingerprinting. Electrophoresis. 24(9):1353-9.


Refsum T, Heir E, Kapperud G, Vardund T, Holstad G. 2002 Molecular epidemiology of Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium isolates determined by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis: comparison of isolates from avian wildlife, domestic animals, and the environment in Norway. Appl Environ Microbiol. 68(11):5600-6.


Cobb GP, Harper FD, Weisskopf CP. 2001. Nonlethal method for forensic evaluation of aldicarb exposure in wildlife. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 2001 Jan;40(1):77-88.

Hsieh H-M, Chiang H-L, Tsai L-C, Lai S-Y, Huang S-M, Linacre AMT, Lee JC-I. 2001 Cytochrome b gene for species identification of the conservation animals. Forensic Sci Int 122(1):7-18.

Waits LP, Luikart G, Taberlet P. 2001 Estimating the probability of identity among genotypes in natural populations: cautions and guidelines. Mol Ecol. 10(1):249-56.


Cox RJ, Peterson HL, Young J, Cusik C, Espinoza EO. 2000 The forensic analysis of soil organic by FTIR. Forensic Sci Int. 14;108(2):107-16.

Ernest, H, Penedo, M, May, B, Syvanen, M, Boyce, W. 2000 Molecular tracking of mountain lions in the Yosemite Valley region in California: genetic analysis using microsatellites and faecal DNA. Molecular Ecology 9(4): 433-441

Hannah, H. 2000. Emotional distress, punitive damages, and the veterinarian—some judicial responses. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 216(1):25-26 DOI: 10.2460/javma.2000.216.25; (AN 506213959)

Sims, M. 2000 Unusual appearance of Schreger-like pattern in Hippopotamus amphibious ivory: wildlife forensics investigation of a netsuke. Forensic Science International 1-3: 19-20


Anderson GS. 1999 Wildlife forensic entomology: determining time of death in two illegally killed black bear cubs. J Forensic Sci. 44(4):856-9.

Espinoza EO, Lindley NC, Gordon KM, Ekhoff JA, Kirms MA. 1999. Electrospray ionization mass spectrometric analysis of blood for differentiation of species. Anal Biochem. 15;268(2):252-61.

Hadley BM, Robbins LW, Beffa DA. 1999 Estimating time of death of deer in Missouri; a comparison of three indicators. J Forensic Sci. 44(6):1124-30.

Immel UD, Hummel S, Herrmann B. 1999 DNA profiling of orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) feces to prove descent and identity in wildlife animals. Electrophoresis. 20(8):1768-70.

Littlehales C. 1999 Protecting wildlife. Anal Chem. 1;71(21):749A-752A


Fowler EV, Houlden BA, Sherwin WB, Hoeben P, Timms P. 1998 Genetic variation in captive koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus): parentage determination and individual identification. Biochem Genet. 36(5-6):193-206.

Wilson PJ, White BN.1998 Sex identification of elk (Cervus elaphus canadensis), moose (Alces alces), and white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) using the polymerase chain reaction. J Forensic Sci. 43(3):477-82.


Domingo-Roura X, Jacobson HA, Weaver RF. 1997 Sex linkage of minisatellite bands in bobcats (Felis rufus). J Hered. 88(6):527-31.

1996 and before

Espinoza EO, Kirms MA, Filipek MS. 1996 Identification and quantitation of source from hemoglobin of blood and blood mixtures by high performance liquid chromatography. J Forensic Sci. 41(5):804-11.

Wobeser G. 1996 Forensic (medico-legal) necropsy of wildlife. J Wildl Dis. 32(2):240-9.

Degnan SM. 1994 DNA fingerprinting for wildlife management. Australas Biotechnol. 4(3):163-6. Review.

Kuiken T: 1994, Review of the criteria for the diagnosis of bycatch in cetaceans. European Cetacean Society Newsletter, Special Issue 26:38-43.

Espinoza EO, Shafer JA, Hagey LR. 1993 International trade in bear gall bladders: forensic source inference. J Forensic Sci. 38(6):1363-71.

Mann MJ, Espinoza EO. 1993 The incidence of transient particulate gunshot primer residue in Oregon and Washington bow hunters. J Forensic Sci. 38(1):23-7.

Ruth JL, Fain SR. 1993 The ‘individualization’ of large North American mammals. EXS. 67:429-36.

Cooper JE, Cooper ME. 1991. Legal cases involving birds: the role of the veterinary surgeon. Vet Rec 129(23):505-7.

Green, P. 1980 Protocols in Medicolegal Veterinary Medicine: II. Cases Involving Death Due to Gunshot and Arrow Wounds. Can Vet J 21(12): 343–346